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Under US Pressure, UN Agrees On Deep

Under US Pressure, UN Agrees On Deep cuts to peacekeeping

UN diplomats announced Wednesday that a deal was underway to cut about $ 600 million in UN peacekeeping troops.

According to diplomats familiar with the negotiations, the United Nations will spend 770 billion dollars (about 7% cut), 770 million dollars, for next year 's peacekeeping, according to a deal reached by the UN General Assembly Budget Committee.

The United States, the largest contributor to peacekeeping, has cut $ 1 billion in the bill and the European Union has lowered costs to $ 7.3 billion through savings.

US Ambassador to the United Nations Nicky Hailey said in a statement, "We have already been able to cut $ 500 million from the UN peacekeeping budget in five months and have just begun."

The biggest blow to these cuts is the United Nations mission to Darfur in Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo, where the most expensive work exceeds $ 1 billion.

A UN Security Council diplomat who asked for anonymity, however, said there would be "a full-scale cutback" when US pressure would carry out 13 peacekeeping missions.

Washington pays 28.5 percent of its peacekeeping budget and pays $ 5.4 billion for its core budget.

Francois Delattre, French ambassador, said the United Nations mission "enables us to accomplish our missions more efficiently," he said. "The savings presented in this budget have been carefully targeted."

UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan has said he is willing to meet with UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

It is also less than what African countries have proposed. They wanted $ 7.7 billion for the UN mission. The negotiations are expected to be approved by the UN General Assembly on Friday.

Great impact on Darfur missions
The United Nations Security Council (UNIC) is expected to reduce the enormous share of 17,000 strong African Union missions known as UNAMID in Darfur, and to vote as soon as possible.

Britain circulated a draft resolution to reduce the number of steps in the next 12 months, according to a joint UN report released last month.

The bill will reduce UNAMID forces by 8,735 troops and 2,500 policemen by June 2018, according to a draft text prepared by AFP, which reduced military personnel by 44 percent and police by nearly 30 percent.

If the Sudanese government does not guarantee protection where peacekeepers are withdrawn, the withdrawal can be reviewed.

Following the proposed action, Guterres will report to Parliament "whether the situation can help further reductions" after six months. The draft resolution welcomes "a reduction of military confrontation between the government and the rebels," but the rights group did not end the conflict in Darfur.

Human Rights Watch has criticized the proposed cuts as "misleading." The Darfur civilians said they still needed protection. Darfur has been involved in disputes since 2003, when ethnic insurgents rebelled against Omar al-Bashir, complaining that the Arab-dominated government is transforming the region.

The United Nations is on its way to the Ivory Coast and plans to withdraw its peacekeepers from Haiti over the next few months.

France circulated Wednesday a draft resolution resuming UN mission in Mali known as MINUSMA late Wednesday, but there is no plan to cut it. The mission will continue to work with 13,289 troops and 1,920 police, according to a draft resolution by AFP.

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